By Robert J. Buck
Robert Buck's background examines the archaeological checklist, takes a clean examine what the ancients acknowledged concerning the Boeotians and on the references of classicists of newer occasions, retells the legends, and reconstructs the background of the quarter from the heroic Bronze Age to the Pelopponesian conflict.
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Extra info for A History of Boeotia (Classical)
Names reminiscent of Labdacus were appeared with suspicion by means of glossy historians as mere genealogical hyperlinks. modifications are observable within the therapy of Oedipus, and right here learn of using a few poetic assets is feasible. regrettably the ancient resources turn into very scrappy certainly, quite these following Hecataeus. In Homer (Od. eleven. 271-78) Oedipus married his mom Epicaste. She dedicated suicide as the gods made the incest "notorious instantly. " there has been no time for any little ones to be born, and Oedipus survived "suffering many woes," together with most likely one other marriage to supply descendants. either Homer (//. 23. 676-80. ) and Hesiod (frg. 35Rz) point out Oedipus' dying, it sounds as if by way of violence,36 and a few nice accumulating and fight after the funeral. Hesiod (W. D. 161-63) mentions a conflict over Oedipus' sheep, one who he equates with the Trojan struggle within the severity of losses. either Homer and Hesiod be aware of of the Seven and the Epigoni, yet neither is familiar with whatever approximately Oedipus' blinding of himself. 37 this can be a motif extra by means of later Theban or Boeotian epic, present in the cyclical Thebais. 38 adaptations mentioned within the scholiasts39 have Oedipus blinded by means of Polybos or by means of the servants of Laius. The epics gave the wife's identify as Jocasta and named the second one spouse variously. it's to be famous that Hellanicus followed the model within which Oedipus blinds himself,40 the person who turns into the vulgate. He has little or not anything, even if, concerning the conflict of Oedipus' sheep. Pherecydes41 lists 3 marriages for Oedipus: first to Jocasta, through whom he had boys referred to as Phrastor and Leonytus, who have been either later killed via Erginus of Orchomenus; moment to Euryganeia, daughter of Periphas (Hyperphas in Paus. nine. five. 11), by way of whom he had the standard 4 childrens; and 3rd to Astymedousa (Medusa in Apollodorus, Bibl. three. four. 5), daughter of Sthenelus. Pherecydes evidently combines a minimum of types the following. forty two this type of models was once derived from the epic Oedipodia identified to Pausanias43 and not less than partly by means of Peisander. forty four during this, Oedipus married Jocasta and had no young children; he blinded himself after her suicide. He then married Euryganeia by way of whom he had Antigone, Ismene, Eteocles and Polyneices. forty five the second one model, from another epic source,46 says that Jocasta had sons, Phrastor and Leonytus, and that once her dying Oedipus married Astymedousa. maybe the incident pointed out within the Scholion A to Iliad four. 377, the place Astymedousa falsely accuses her stepsons of Legends and Traditions of the Bronze Age forty nine trying to seduce her after which brings down their father's curse on them, is going again to this resource eventually. possibly Astymedousa had borne the standard 4 little ones and needed to displace her stepsons. almost certainly a 3rd model gave Jocasta 4 little ones and Astymedousa none; this could clarify the shortcoming of youngsters by means of Astymedousa in Pherecydes. Which, if any, of those models was once through Hecataeus is unknown. The 3rd model, or a version of it, seems Hellanicus' resource, and to have supplied the root of the vulgate.