By Mandy Sadan
Drawing on long-term fieldwork and examine in groups from Assam via to Laos, this booklet deals a special point of reappraisal of the paintings of Edmund Leach and is an important contribution to the improvement of a brand new nearby anthropology of Southeast Asia.
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Extra info for Social Dynamics in the Highlands of Southeast Asia (Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 3 Southeast Asia)
By means of so doing, we detect that the establishment of village-based, hereditary chieftainship, which may tentatively be referred to as ‘ritual hereditary chieftainship’, has existed all around the Naga Hills, the chiefs retaining their name via advantage of direct descent from founding ancestors, and their political strength being sponsored through supernatural sanctions. five the subsequent is usually obvious to be actual of all chiefs of this type. 1) As consultant of the village founder’s family, the executive (Angami Tevo or Kemovo, Lhota Ekyung, Tangkhul Avunga, Zemi Kadepeo, Kabui or Rongmei Matai ) is taken into account the only ‘owner’ of the village territory. possession this is to not be taken within the Western experience. particularly, it implies that he and his lineage or extended family carry specific territorial rights simply because their ancestor, on the time of the basis of the village, five For the Angamis: Fürer-Haimendorf & turbines, 1936; For the Maos (Memis): Watt, 1887, in Elwin (ed. ), 1959: 461; for the Zemis, Lyangmeis and Rongmeis (formerly Kacha): Soppitt, 1885: nine; Bower, 1951: seventy nine; for the Tangkhuls: Horam, 1977; for the Lhotas: turbines, 1922: ninety six; for the Konyaks: generators, 1926a: 28; Fürer-Haimendorf, 1969: 62–63; Hutton, 1965: 23. 112 pascal bouchery manage an alliance with the real ‘owner’ or ‘master’ of the world, a few genius loci, who accredited human cost in alternate for an annual cult. this doesn't provide the executive the best to do away with the land at will, even if he could occasionally intrude in its distribution, for example by way of reallocating cultivable land to landless villagers. the manager ’s functionality and name are transmitted alongside the patrilineage, regularly from father to eldest son. the manager, including the village council, which is composed of representatives from each one extended family of the village (often the heads of the eldest families), handles the general affairs of his group. He and the village council represent the village court docket, and all disputes bearing on land, robbery, divorce, inheritance, fornication, adultery, homicide, and so forth. , are heard and attempted in it. the manager could or is probably not the main inÁuential individual in that meeting, yet he often presides over it. the executive ’s major features are ritual. The ritual motion of the executive, expressed in the course of the functionality of collective ceremonies, is principally dedicated to village welfare, but in addition to village security by way of making sure that it's shielded from headhunting raids. The ritual motion of the executive is obvious because the perpetuation of the activities of his ancestors, who made human cost attainable in the course of the alliance Àrst confirmed with protecting deities. this is often the situation sine qua non for the community’s survival and perpetuation. during the intended efÀciency of his ritual motion, the village founder’s family is liable for village welfare and he's perceived, for this reason, as additionally preserving the village’s future in his arms. as a result, the executive himself is additionally usually assimilated to a precept of fertility, resembling Tevo among the jap Angami, and, as such, topic to every kind of prohibitions so as to protect his integrity and formality efÀcacy.